Dysphania pumilio

4. Dysphania pumilio (R. Brown) Mosyakin et Clemants (syn.: Chenopodium pumilio R. Brown) (Aus.) – A regular and increasing, locally naturalised alien. Formerly recorded as an ephemeral wool alien in the Vesdre valley, at least between 1887 (first Belgian record) and 1971. Furthermore recorded at several widely scattered locations, often associated with grain importation. At present still regularly introduced with cereals: as such frequently seen on unloading quays, along railway tracks, near granaries, etc. in the port areas of Antwerpen, Gent and Roeselare. Dysphania pumilio usually behaves like an ephemeral alien or rarely persists for some time. However, it is locally naturalised at several locations in the surroundings of Antwerpen. Known, for instance, since at least 1968 from the quays of river Schelde south of the city (initially ascribed to Dysphania carinata). Furthermore recorded in abundance on more or less disused industrial sites in the port of Antwerpen, at least since 2001. In 1996 also seen as a common weed in an asparagus-field in Bonheiden. In the 1970’s also recorded on a coalmining heap near Mons (Ghio & Harmegnies 1979) but apparently ephemeral.

Herbarium specimen

Dysphania pumilio, Gent (port area), bare, sandy area, August 2011, W. Vercruysse Dysphania pumilio, Gent (port area), bare, sandy area, August 2011, W. Vercruysse
Dysphania pumilio, Neerharen (Lanaken), gravelly border of river Maas, July 2011, W. Vercruysse. Dysphania pumilio, Neerharen (Lanaken), gravelly border of river Maas, July 2011, W. Vercruysse.

Dysphania pumilio, flower


Selected literature:

Aellen P. (1955) Addition à la flore des Chenopodiaceae de Belgique. Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 87: 195-202.

Barendregt H.E. (1993) Druifkruid (Chenopodium botrys) en Liggende ganzevoet (Chenopodium pumilio) in opmars in Nederland. Gorteria 19(1) (FLORON-katern 5): 33-36.

Bogosavljevic S. & Zlatkovic B. (2017) Dysphania pumilio (R. Br.) Mosyakin & Clemants (Amaranthaceae), a new allochthonous species in the flora of Serbia. Botanica Serbica 41(1): 83-87. [available online at: http://botanicaserbica.bio.bg.ac.rs/arhiva/pdf/2017_41_1_685_full.pdf] 

Carretero J.L. (1983) Chenopodium pumilio R. Br. y Physalis philadelphica Lam. en Espana. Collect. Bot. 14: 211-213.

Chytry M. (1993) Chenopodium pumilio R. Br., a new adventive species for Rumania. Linz. Biol. Beitr. 25(1): 151-152.

Dzhus M. (2011) Clammy goosefoot (Dysphania pumilio (R. Br.) Mosyakin et clemants, Amaranthaceae Juss.) – new adventive species to the Belarusian flora. Веснік ВДУ. 5(65): 28-33. [available online at: http://lib.vsu.by/xmlui/bitstream/handle/123456789/4584/v11n5p28.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y]   

Ghio C. & Harmegnies H. (1979) Observations floristiques et écologiques sur les terrils de charbonnage dans le Borinage. Dumortiera 11: 4-7.

Grozeva N. (2007) Chenopodium pumilio (Chenopodiaceae): a new species to the Bulgarian flora. Phytologia Balcanica 13(3): 331-334.

Hejný S. & Schwarzová T. (1978) Chenopodium pumilio R. Br. in der Tschechoslowakei. Acta Bot. Slov. Acad. Sci. Slov., A, Taxon. Geobot. 3: 41-56.

Lhotská M. & Hejný S. (1979) Chenopodium pumilio in Czechoslovakia: its strategy of dispersal and domestication. Folia Geobotanica Phytotaxonomica 14: 367-375.

López Tirado J. (2013) Chenopodium pumilio R. BR. (Chenopodiaceae), novedad corológica para Andalucía Oriental (España). Acta Botanica Malacitana 38: 216-217. [available online at: http://www.biolveg.uma.es/abm/Volumenes/vol38/38_Lopez_Tirado.pdf]

Ludwig W. (1972) Chenopodium botrys, Ch. schraderanum und Ch. pumilio. Hess. Flor. Briefe 21(1): 2-6.

Rahiminejad M.R., Ghaemmaghami L. & Sahebi J. (2004) Chenopodium pumilio (Chenopodiaceae) new to the flora of Iran. Willdenowia 34(1): 183-186.

Sánchez Í. (2015) Primeras citas de Chenopodium pumilio C. Br. y Ch. chenopodioides (L.) Aellen para la provincia de Cádiz. Rev. Soc. Gad. Hist. Nat. 9: 51-53. [available online at : http://sociedadgaditanahistorianatural.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/10...

Verloove F. (2002) Ingeburgerde plantensoorten in Vlaanderen. Mededeling van het Instituut voor Natuurbehoud n° 20: 227 p.

Verloove F. (2006) Chenopodium pumilio. In: Van Landuyt W., Hoste I., Vanhecke L., Van den Bremt P., Vercruysse W. & De Beer D., Atlas van de flora van Vlaanderen en het Brussels gewest. Instituut voor Natuur- en Bosonderzoek, Nationale Plantentuin van België en Flo.Wer: 283.

Verloove F. & Vandenberghe C. (1996) Nieuwe en interessante voederadventieven voor de Belgische flora, hoofdzakelijk in 1995. Dumortiera 66: 11-32.

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith