Eranthis Salisb.

Eranthis is a genus with eight species, all native in Eurasia (Boens 2014). Its center of diversity clearly is in East Asia (e.g. Wang & al. 2001, Lee & Yeau 2007, Lee & al. 2012). At least four species are grown as ornamentals but only E. hyemalis is widespread in cultivation and counts almost 30 cultivars.
Molecular studies have shown Eranthis to be a member of the tribe Actaeeae (Compton & Culham 2002).


Boens W. (2014) An overview of Eranthis. Plantsman 13(4): 214-220.

Compton J.A. & Culham A. (2002) Phylogeny and Circumscription of Tribe Actaeeae (Ranunculaceae). Systematic Botany 27(3): 502-511. [available online at:

Lee Y. & Yeau S.H. (2007) 3 species of Eranthis in Korea and Japan. Bull. Korea Pl. Res. 7: 17-18.

Lee C.S., Yeau S.H. & Lee N.S. (2012) Taxonomic Status and Genetic Variation of Korean Endemic Plants, Eranthis byunsanensis and Eranthis pungdoensis (Ranunculaceae) based on nrDNA ITS and cpDNA Sequences. J. Plant Biol. 55: 165-177. [available online at:

Rysiak K. & Żuraw B. (2011) The biology of flowering of winter aconite. Acta Bot. 64(2): 25-32. [available online at:

Simon C. (1980) Ein Beitrag zur Eranthis Diskussion. Bauhinia 7(1): 3-5.

Sorg B. (2010) Die neue Vielfalt der Winterlinge. Gartenpraxis 36: 8-13.

Wang W., Fu D., Li L., Bartholomew B., Brach A.R., Dutton B.E., Gilbert M.G., Kadota Y., Robison O.R., Tamura M., Warnock M.J., Guanghua Z., Ziman S.N. (2001) Ranunculaceae. In: Raven P.H. & Wu Z.-Y. (eds.), Flora of China, vol 6. Science Press and Missouri Botanical Garden Press, Beijing China, St. Louis, MO, USA: 133–438. [available online at:]

Yuan Q.O. & Yang Q.E. (2006) Tribal relationships of Beesia, Eranthis and seven other genera of Ranunculaceae: evidence from cytological characters. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 150: 267-289.

Taxonomic name: 
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith