Pimpinella

Pimpinella L.

Pimpinella is a genus of ca. 150-200 Eurasian and African species. Two species are locally rather common native species in Belgium: Pimpinella major (L.) Huds. and P. saxifraga L. (Lambinon & Verloove 2012).

In its traditional circumscription Pimpinella is resolved as non-monophyletic (Wang & al. 2014)


1       Ovary and fruit hairy. Annuals or biennials === 2

         Ovary and fruit glabrous. Perennials (native) === Pimpinella major and P. saxifraga

2       Annual. Rays subequal, 2-15. Fruit ca. 3-5 mm long, with short, appressed hairs. Young inflorescences erect === Pimpinella anisum

         Biennial. Rays very unequal, usually more than 15 (up to 50). Fruit ca. 2 mm long, with long patent hairs. Young inflorescences nodding === P. peregrina

Literature:


Hunkeler C. & Favarger C. (1967) Contribution à la cytotaxinomie du genre Pimpinella. Bull. Soc. Neuchâteloise Sci. Nat. 90: 219-239. 

Lambinon J. & Verloove F. (avec coll. Delvosalle L., Toussaint B., Geerinck D., Hoste I., Van Rossum F., Cornier B., Schumacker R., Vanderpoorten A. & Vannerom H.) (2012) Nouvelle Flore de la Belgique, du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, du Nord de la France et des Régions voisines (Ptéridophytes et Spermatophytes). Sixième édition. Jardin botanique national de Belgique, Meise: CXXXIX + 1195 p.

Magee A.R., van Wyk B.-E., Tilney P.M. & Downie S.R. (2010) Phylogenetic position of African and Malagasy Pimpinella species and related genera (Apiaceae, Pimpinelleae). Plant Syst. Evol. 288: 201-211. [available online at: http://www.life.illinois.edu/downie/Pimpinella.pdf]

Pu F.D. & Watson M.F. (2005) Pimpinella. In: Sheh M.L. & al. (eds.), Flora of China, vol. 14. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis, Missouri.: 93-104. [available online at: http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/PDF/PDF14/Pimpinella.pdf]

Reduron J.P. (2007-2008) Ombellifères de France. Monographie des Ombellifères (Apiaceae) et plantes alliées, indigène, naturalisées, subspontanées, adventices et cultivées de la flore française. Tome 1-5. Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest. N.S. Numéro spécial 26-30: 1-3004.

Tutin T.G. (1968) Pimpinella. In: Tutin T.G. & al. (eds.), Flora Europaea, vol. 2. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 331-333.

Wang Z-X., Downie S.R., Tan J-B., Liao C-Y., Yu Y. & He X-J. (2014) Molecular phylogenetics of Pimpinella and allied genera (Apiaceae), with emphasis on Chinese native species, inferred from nrDNA ITS and cpDNA intron sequence data. Nord. J. Bot. (in press).

Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith